Cliques (eng 102 Pichardo)

Adler, Peter and Patricia. August 26, 2013. Dynamics of Inclusion and Exclusion in Preadolescent Cliques. American Sociology Association. Retrieved from:

This article is about how adolescents form cliques and form a dependency on the clique and its leader. These cliques usually start between fourth and sixth grades. However some studies show cliques can form as early as preschool. Being apart of an “in-crowd” shows signs of popularity and acceptance. Being apart of an out-crowd can have implications that effect friendships, relationships, self-confidence, everyday activities and other vital social behaviors. The feeling of being included and accepted is sought by almost all adolescents. This can shape the socialization of their adult lives. Those who are excluded and rejected are usually ridiculed and are targets for teasing.

I chose this article because I feel it relates to bullying. We have all been part of either the in-crowd, popular cliques, or out-crowd, unpopular cliques. Now that bullying is more virtual these cliques have gone from face to face contact to worldwide ridicule. Most schools have now enacted anti-bullying rules that can lead to suspension or expulsion. Adolescence are easily influenced and can take things to an extreme. According to the Suicide Awareness Voices for Education suicide is the third leading cause of death in youth. They state one of 65,000 children between the ages of ten to fourteen commit suicide every year. In our readings, The Sociology of Social Inclusion, “Fredericks makes the case for the importance of the everydayness of belonging and attachment .” It also shows how society feels social pressure and struggle for the interest of others.

I did not react surprised in the least. Everything I read in this article has been proven both in studies and just by observing others. None of it really is really shocking. The real life examples and interviews in the article also proved inclusion and exclusion to be a massive problem. The article does use some profanity that I did not expect from a Harvard article but then again it was used in the interview sections. It is sad how they speak about not having friends, no one liking them, having to follow others, and the break between bonds formed throughout. The questions that were raised in my mind were about prevention. How do we as society teach our children to stop the cliques and stop the bullying? How do we teach adults in schools, clubs, and any other organization dealing with children to identify the exclusions and put a stop to it as they see it? This would be worth studies to help the future of our generation.

7 thoughts on “Cliques (eng 102 Pichardo)

  1. eng102dulcemartinez says:

    “How do we as a society teach our children to stop the cliques and stop the bullying?” Well, what do you think? 🙂 What are your ideas on how to do that? I think there obviously isn’t a clear cut way to do it but several that over time can help to minimize the problem. I say minimize because I don’t think we would ever be able to completely get rid of cliques or bullying.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. jml1123 says:

    I think an in group can be a problem because some of them might feel they are better than other groups of people that don’t fit in which can lead to bullying. I agree that there should be some policies in public schools that prevent bullying by punishing those that do it. This is a very important topic you have raised and one that kids can learn valuable lessons from. I’m curious how we can make some students feel more accepted around the in groups and feel less left out? I am not sure we will ever be able to do away with in groups because it’s mostly human nature, but i think that by teaching the young not to bully will help minimize them.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. michellecha says:

    I agree that schools should be more strict about bullying and there needs to be more awareness. Bullying has always been in issue throughout the years and unfortunately it will never cease. And acceptance from others seems more important to young people than self acceptance which is very disheartening. What can we do to prevent it? What can we do for these cases to decrease?


  4. blawrencet says:

    I believe that it is vitals for parents to teach their children to not be judgmental or condescending towards others. I think that the earlier kids learn to be accepting and respectful of others then the less likely they are to grow up bullying others. We as adults need to lead by example and show our youth that it is ok for people to be different and that those who are different do not deserve to be treated any less. Treat those how you would want to be treated is the philosophy that every kid should grow up on.


  5. dmhiesen says:

    I think you are absolutely accurate that cliques are a perfect example of exclusion and inclusion. Sadly, the clique is something todays youth are exposed to very young, and it is something that makes adolescence one of the most challenging times. I also believe that cliques continue far into adulthood. The need for social inclusion is something that has been conditioned into the human mind, and this need does not go away with age. In fact, it may increase as adults compete with each other for acceptance into social circles.


  6. nancywaldridge says:

    This is a great topic of inclusion and exclusion. Unfortunately, kids value cliques much more than I believe they should. People can be cruel in general and it’s sad that kids exclude one another because of a fear of ruining their “image.”


  7. ollysalder says:

    This is a very good article and I’m sure hits home for many of us. Having four girls of different ages in school it is a very big reality. Sometimes this happens even with out us knowing we are doing anything wrong. Just friends getting together at the lunch table and not allowing anyone else to join you. Although at the time you don’t see anything wrong with it, but then the group gets tighter and allows no one else close. I mean there is nothing wrong with having a close group of friends, but when you close off to everyone else that’s where the problem starts. This is a very big reality in our schools and I believe needs to be stopped at the earliest possible time, as it only leads down dark roads and to wards gang inclusion.


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